Edit: A bunch more DEFCON 18 write ups can be found at the vnSecurity site.

This weekend I competed in the Defcon 18 Qualifiers with team Shellphish. We unfortunately only placed 15th, nonetheless, it was an exciting and challenging weekend. Below is my write up for the Forensics 200 challenge.

I don’t recall the phrasing they gave (if you remember it please let me know), however this was the file they provided: The caption read, “find the key” and linked to this file: f200_02b7b50f575759cff7.tar.lzma

Running file on f200_02b7b50f575759cff7.tar.lzma simply returned data however fortunately the lzma extension was useful to identify that this possibly be uncompressed with 7zip (lmgtfy lzma file). On ubuntu there is a package called p7zip thus:

bryce@sarek:f200$ mv f200_02b7b50f575759cff7.tar.lzma f200_02b7b50f575759cff7.tar.7z
bryce@sarek:f200$ p7zip -d f200_02b7b50f575759cff7.tar.7z

7-Zip (A) 9.04 beta  Copyright (c) 1999-2009 Igor Pavlov  2009-05-30
p7zip Version 9.04 (locale=en_US.UTF-8,Utf16=on,HugeFiles=on,8 CPUs)

Processing archive: f200_02b7b50f575759cff7.tar.7z

Extracting  f200_02b7b50f575759cff7.tar

Everything is Ok

Size:       1730560
Compressed: 487746
bryce@sarek:f200$ tar -xf f200_02b7b50f575759cff7.tar

This extracts 1121 png image files.

bryce@sarek:f200$ ls | head

Using pnginfo one can verify that each image is similar with respect to its attributes (width, height, bitdepth, channels, etc.). Using manual image inspection we see a mostly transparent image with some white and black pixels. Thus using python’s imaging library (PIL) we simply write a quick program that will combine all the images into one:

#!/usr/bin/env python
import Image

def main():
    new = Image.open('IMG_0001.png')
    w, h = new.size
    for i in range(2, 1122):
        im = Image.open('IMG_%04d.png' % i)
        data = im.split()
        for pixel, value in enumerate(im.getdata()):
            if value[3] != 0: # not transparent
                x, y = (pixel % w, pixel * 1. / w)
                new.putpixel((x, y), value)

if __name__ == '__main__':

Running this eventually produces the following image, from which the is.gd url http://is.gd/ced7F is the key. Yeah Sexy CPR.

Defcon 18 Forensics 200 Result


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